Camera Lenses

  1. You have many lenses such as zoom, primes, macro, super telephoto, and tilt shift lenses.
  2. Standard zoom range will cover moderate wide angles typically 24mm to 35mm, to moderate telephoto length around 70mm and u to around 105mm
  3. Standard lenses tend to range from  about 35mm up to around 85mm
  4. Standard zoom lenses are great “walk around” lenses.
  5. Standard zooms are generally included in many SLR kits that come with lenses.
  6.  Wide angles should be used when prominent foreground objects are present.
  7. Wide angles give a wide expansive view.
  8. Wide angles are handy in tight areas likes, cars and small rooms.
  9. 18-55mm, 18-135mm, 24-105mm, 24-70mm and others are popular standard zooms.
  10. Prime lenses are lenses that are just one focal length.
  11. Telephoto lenses are also excellent for sports, nature, and wildlife, where it can be difficult get close.
  12. Telephoto lenses compress distance making everything appear closer as opposed to wide angles which distort perspective and make things look further away.
  13. Telephoto zooms allow photographers to become lazy.
  14. To be able the top action without blurring you need to use a fast shutter speed.
  15. Faster telephoto lenses have larger maximum apertures.
  16. A fast lens is usually one that has an aperture of f/4, f/2.8 or larger.
  17. There are lenses for every purpose.
  18. At least 1/500 to 1/1000 shutter speed is the minimum.
  19. Using longer lenses can be challenging to track movement.
  20. Lens manufactures offer a variety of focal lengths to satisfy most budgets.

Conceptual Self Portrait

AP: 2.3

ISO: 160


Conceptual means to relate or based on mental concept so it means that its in your head and it gives you ideas. It shows a little about the persons interest and an explanation on what they love. This is a picture of my school baseball hat and my two bats. When im bored a practice swinging that bat. People say baseball is boring but they don’t know what their missing because its fun and when you practice hard and when it pays off in a game you get a feeling of doing something for your team. This picture shows how much I love baseball. Its conceptual because it give an idea of the sport I love to play.

I like this picture because you can see how much work she put in it. Her picture of the old style of the 1800s is good. Her style is great because she takes pictures that look like they are going to jump out. Her ability to become famous from her photos is great. She is a good photography.


13 Camera Settings Every Beginner Needs To Know

  1. Setting exposure using histogram- Histogram helps you if your exposure is right.
  2. Raw- It gives you access to your camera’s capabilities.
  3.  Selecting focusing points manually- Helps with better accuracy.
  4.  Shutter Priority- You can change the shutter speed yourself.
  5.  Learn AF modes- You can take the pictures you like is you learn all of the AF modes.
  6. Aperture Priority- The exposure will vary depending on the aperture you put.
  7.  Manual white balance- Cameras have few white balance presets and they are ok.
  8. Drive modes- Single shot, continuous low and high for drive mode.
  9. Control motion blur- Using a shutter speed that is to low for holding the camera.
  10. Exposure compensation- The +/- will increase or decrease the exposure when you need to.
  11. ISO- It helps you select the lighting conditions.
  12. Auto-ISO – It helps when shooting hand held.
  13. Manual exposure- How to use manual is using the camera to its fullest.

Camera Modes

Automatic Modes

Auto mode- Its sets the best shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, focus and flash to take the best shot that it can. Most of the digital camera owners use it.

Portrait mode- When you switch to portrait mode your camera will automatically select a large aperture. Which helps to keep your background out of focus and it sets a narrow depth of field and ensuring your subject is the only thing in focus.

Macro mode- Lets you move closer into your subject to take a close up picture. Different digital cameras will have macro modes with different capabilities including different focusing distances and you can take pictures of small things like flowers.

Landscape mode- It sets the camera up with a small aperture. It’s good for capturing shots of wide scenes, particularly those with points of interest at different distances from the camera.

Sports mode- Photographing moving objects is what sports mode is designed for. Sports mode attempts to freeze the action by increasing the shutter speed.

Night mode- Its a really fun mode to play around with and it can create some wonderfully colorful and interesting shots. Its for shooting in low light situations and sets your camera to use a longer shutter speed to help capture details of the background.

Movie mode- It extends your digital camera from just capturing still images to capturing moving ones. The new ones come with a movie mode that records both video but also sound.

Semi Automatic Modes

A or AV mode- This mode is really a semi-automatic mode where you choose the aperture and where your camera chooses the other settings. Aperture priority mode is useful when you’re looking to control the depth of field in a shot.

S or TV mode- Shutter priority is very similar to aperture priority mode but is the mode where you select a shutter speed. When photographing moving subjects you might want to choose a fast shutter speed to freeze the motion.

P mode- In a few cameras Program mode IS full Auto mode. It gives you control over some other features including flash, white balance, ISO.

Fully Manual Mode

Manual mode- In this mode you have full control over your camera and need to think about all settings including shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, flash. It gives you the flexibility to set your shots up as you wish.